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Marlboro Texan No.45

Early American Standard Playing-Card

These Marlboro Texan No. 45's were produced Russel, Morgan & Co, who would later become the United States Playing Card Co., in the mid 1880s. At that time double-ends were yet to assert their dominance in circulation as the standard pattern playing card. This early example shows all the elements of the modern playing card, double ends and corner side indices. Still, you can't help thinking that maybe we could work a little harder on balance and proportion. As time went on, the United States Printing Co. would improve their faces and work toward bringing all the elements of the modern playing card into overall composition as can be seen from later standards.

Marlboro Texan No. 45's are manufactured by the United States Playing Card Co. and sold as authentic reproductions.

Further Reading

Regional Patterns of 18th Century France
The English Pattern
Gallery of Early Standard Playing Cards


International Playing Card Society Decline of the English Court Card.
PlainBacks.com: Extensive gallery of early standard playing cards. Famous American and English makers. Plain Backs is a celebration of the English Court Card as a cultural design icon.

Early Standards

Texan No. 45's
Russel & Morgan 1886
Samuel Hart 1870
A. Dougherty 1865
De La Rue 1834
L. Hewson 1680
Pierre Maréchal 1567

History of Cards

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French Regional Patterns
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Card Masters of the
19th Centrury

Thomas de la Rue
Lewis I. Cohen
Lawrence & Cohen
Samuel Hart
Andrew Dougherty
Ferdinand Piatnik


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