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A Brief History
Theories of Origin
French Regions
Thomas de la Rue
Lewis I. Cohen
Lawrence & Cohen
Samuel Hart
Andrew Dougherty
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The pattern of the modern English playing card derives from an influential design originating in Rouen, France in the 15th century. Like all standards, the English Pattern has defining or indentifying elements. These can be found among the objects, weapons, and attire assigned to each of the characters of the Royal household. Manufacturers and card houses have kept to the form of the English pattern for well over 370 years now, and have preserved the assignment of their objects and weapons. Each one, in producing their own face cards, display interpretations that show variation in style, colour and detail, but that nonetheless conform to the Standard.

Piatnik standard court cards Piatnik Copag standard playing cards Copag Modiano standard playing=cards Modiano
Pippoglyphs Pippoglyphs Kem Playing-cards Kem Gemaco Gemaco
American Standard Playing-Cards USPCC Hoyles standard face cards Hoyles Cartamundi standard court cards Cartamundi

European Standards
French standard court cards France Danish standard playing-cards Denmark Russia standard playing-cards Russia

DXPO Playing Cards

DXPO Playing Cards displays an extensive exhibition of contemporary and early European Standard playing cards with examples from Germany, Belgium, France, the Netherlands and more DXPO Playing Cards »

DXPO playing cards


The English Pattern
Regional Patterns of 18th Century France
Gallery of Early Standard Playing Cards


PlainBacks.com: Extensive gallery of early standard playing cards. Famous American and English makers. Plain Backs is a celebration of the English Court Card as a cultural design icon.
DXPO Playing Cards: Exposé of early and contemporary European Standards.
International Playing Card Society Decline of the English Court Card.
History of Playing Cards - Playing Cards.us: Brief History of Playing Cards

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